Legal Analysis On The Fatwa Of Sharia National Council On Rahn: Between Legal Philosophy and Its Impplementation in Indonesia Sharia Pawnshop

Setiawan, Lahuri (2019) Legal Analysis On The Fatwa Of Sharia National Council On Rahn: Between Legal Philosophy and Its Impplementation in Indonesia Sharia Pawnshop. Mazahib, 18 (1). pp. 75-115. ISSN 1829-9067

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Abstract

p’s main argument is that there is a need for f reading of the sacred texts so as to purge the juristic legacy of male biased views and achieve justice and equality for Muslim women in contemporary families. One principal methodological framework for this idea to materialise is to embark on the re-reading of the Quran from the women`s perspective. In this context, this paper presents issue-based analysis of Amina Wadud’s reading of the relevant Quranic passages on family law matters and finds that in spite of its merits, its main handicap lies on its methodological flaws, both in terms of approach and outcome. Methodologically, it is regarded as selective and ultra-vires of Islamic methodology of legal reform. It terms of impact, it is suspected as being tainted with Western inspired assumptions of rights in terms of justice and equality between the genders. To overcome this impasse, the paper argues for a mediated holistic approach to harmonise relations between men and women in the family. Keywords: Family law, gender equality, justice, Muslim feminist. Abstract The function of Sharia Financial Institutions (SFI) is to provide the easiness for the needs of the community in sharia-compliant funding. One of them is Pegadaian Syariah (sharia pawnshop), which offers the pawning (rahn) contract as one of the sharia-compliant quick funding solutions. The National Sharia Council (NSC) realized the need to issue a fatwa on the guidelines on rahn as a form of response to the needs of the community in various SFI products. However, this fatwa contains biased meaning against the concept the rahn which is obscurely implemented between dain and qardh in some SFI contracts. Therefore, this study tries to analyze the DSN Fatwa NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/ 2000 and DSN Fatwa NO. 26/DSN-MUI/III/2000 concerning rahn between legal philosophy and its implementation in sharia pawnshops from the perspective of Fiqh Muamalah. The result of this study emphasizes that it is necessary to include in this fatwa a legal philosophy underlying reason for pawning (rahn) decision, whether it is debt (dain) caused by buying-selling/trading (bai') or due to money loan debt (qardh). This basis will explain the sharia-compliant boundaries of the implementation of the rahn contract in SFI, especially in sharia pawnshops which still makes qardh the basis for the realization of rahn implementation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pegadaian syariah, rahn, qardh, Fatwa DSN MUI NO. 25/DSN-MUI/III/2002 and Fatwa DSN MUI NO. 26/DSNMUI/III/2002.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Syariah UNIDA Gontor > Perbandingan Mazhab dan Hukum
Depositing User: Ammalia Ammalia
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2020 01:59
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2020 01:59
URI: http://repo.unida.gontor.ac.id/id/eprint/256

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